Turmeric is a plant terna, trunked pseudo, height can reach 40 - 100 cm. The shape of the stems pseudo, erect, round and wet, forming rhizomes with yellowish green color and composed of leaf midrib (somewhat soft). Single leaf, oval shape (lanceolate) extends up to 10-40 cm, width 8-12.5 cm and pinnate repeats with pale green color. Flowering compound is hairy and scaly from the shoots of pseudo stems, 10-15 cm long with a crown of about 3 cm and 1.5 cm wide, white / yellowish. The tip and the base of the pointed leaf, the edges of the leaves are flat. The outer skin of the rhizome is orange-brown, the flesh is orange red orange.

Turmeric is able to form rhizomes, orange, when old and young shoots are white, forming a tight clump. Rooted fibers are light brown. Each plant leaves 3 to 10 strands, the length of the leaves and its barks up to 70 cm long, leaf-shaped strands lanceolate long, green and only the upper part of the pelepahnya a bit purplish, 28-85 cm long, 10-25 cm wide. Flowers arise from the pseudo stems 10 - 15 cm long. The flowers are white / pale yellow, the base of the flowers are white.

Turmeric that has the latin name Curcuma domestica Val. Is a plant that is easily propagated by rhizome cuttings with the size of 20-25 grams of cuttings. Rhizome seedlings should be quite old. Turmeric grows well in well irrigated soils, rainfall 2,000 mm to 4,000 mm annually and in slightly sheltered areas. But to produce a larger rhizome requires a more open place. Turmeric rhizome yellow to orange yellow.

Turmeric plants grow branching with a height of 40-100 cm. Trunk is a pseudo stem, erect, round, rhizome form with a yellowish green color and composed of leaf midrib (somewhat soft). Single leaf, oval shape (lanceolate) extends up to 10-40 cm, width 8-12.5 cm and pinnate pitched inclines with pale green. Flowering compound, hairy, and scaly from pseudo stems, 10-15 cm long with a crown of about 3 cm and 1.5 cm wide, and berwrna white / yellowish. The tip and the base of the pointed leaves and the edges of the leaves are flat. The outer skin of the rhizome is brownish orange and the flesh is orange red yellow.

Plants belonging to the Zingiberaceae family are chronic herbaceous plants with rhizome roots. Stems erect. The leaves are often clear 2 lines with a stem that hugs the stem and tongue between the midrib and the leaf border. Zygomorph flowers, androgynous 2. Tubular petals with the tip of the stack are often split in a midrib. Leaves crown 3, at the base attached. Perfect stamens 1, the stamens are often wide, the sari 2. Staminodia is almost always 3. The drowning of the fruit sinks, the bears are 3 or 1. The stem is very slim, with the tip sandwiched between the two stamens. Head sari widened. Boxes are mostly blessed 3, sometimes not broken.

Rhizome (rhizome) is actually a stem and its leaves contained in the soil, branching and growing flat and from the tip can grow buds that appear on the ground and can be a new plant. Rhizome in addition to be used as a means of breeding is also a stockpile of food substances reserve. Roots reside in turmeric have characteristics that are round or jorong, diameter ± 5 cm, length about 2 cm to 6 cm, width of about 1 cm to 3 cm. The edges of the roots are wrinkled, the outer part is reddish brown .

Plant Origin

Turmeric is a medicinal plant of shrubs and is an annual (perenial) scattered throughout the tropics. Turmeric plants thrive and wild around the forest / former garden. It is estimated to come from the Binar at an altitude of 1300-1600 m above sea level, others say that turmeric comes from India. The word Curcuma comes from the Arabic Kurkum and Greek Karkom. In 77-78 BC Dioscorides referred to this plant as Cyperus resembling ginger, but bitter, brown, and slightly spicy, but non-toxic. This plant is widely cultivated in South Asia especially in India, South China, Taiwan, Indonesia (Java), and Philippines.

How to Spread in Indonesia

Turmeric plant (Curcuma domestica Val.) Is a kind of plant belonging to Zingiberaceae family, where growth especially in Java. Including one of the herbs and medicinal plants, the original habitat of this plant covers the Asian region especially southeast asia. The plant is then spread to the Indo-Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and even Africa. Almost every Asian nation generally ever consume this spice plant. Good as a complement to cooking herbs, herbs or to maintain health and beauty.

Availability of turmeric plants in Indonesia can be considered very abundant. This plant can be found almost in all parts of Indonesia. Especially on the island of Java. And usually grows tropical and subtropical areas including Thailand, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asia region. In Indonesia, the center of cultivation of turmeric in Central Java, with production reached 12,323 kg / ha. To get turmeric is very easy because almost in all traditional markets and in supermarkets are found many sellers-seller of turmeric. Initially this plant is a plant that grows in forest areas and empty lands. However, Indonesia, this plant has generally been used as a family of medicinal plants with ginger, kencur, and others that are grown in the yard of the house.

Traditionally, rhizome cooking water mixed with gambir is used as mouth rinse for swollen gums. While the ointment of turmeric with kawak acid is used for the treatment of wounded feet. An ointment made from a mixture of turmeric with coconut oil is widely used to heal swollen feet and to release swelling fluids. While turmeric is crushed with clove and jasmine seeds used for liver inflammation drugs, and skin diseases. While the roots of knead-wringed turmeric can be used as a swelling remedy.

The most important part of turmeric as a medicinal ingredient is the root part of his stay, which has a distinctive odor and tastes a bit bitter. Medium content in the root of the stay is yellow substance kurkumin, essential oils, hydrate charcoal, dammar, gom and starch. With a dose of between 8 grams to 12 grams of these medicinal ingredients are good for diarrhea, karminativa, kolagoga, and skabisida. Turmeric  can be used to treat diabetes mellitus, typhoid, appendicitis, dysentery, whitish pain, menstruation is not smooth, stomach heartburn during menstruation, accelerate breast milk, tonsils, mucus, morbili, and cangkrang.

Some chemicals from known turmeric rhizomes are essential oils of 6% consisting of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes (including zingiberen, alpha and beta-turmerone), yellow dye called curcuminoid by 5% (including curcumin 50-60% , Mono desmetoksi kurkumin and bidesmetoksikurkumin), protein, phosphorus, potassium, iron and vitamin C. Of the three compounds curcuminoid, curcumin is the largest component. Often the total amount of curcuminoid is calculated as% curcumin, because the curcumin content is greater than other curcuminoid components. For this reason several studies of phytochemicals and pharmacology are more emphasized on curcumin.

The main benefits of turmeric, namely: as a traditional medicine ingredients, herbal medicine and cosmetics raw materials, cooking ingredients, livestock etc. Besides that the turmeric rhizome is also useful as an anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidants, anti-microbial, cancer prevention, anti-tumor, and lowers blood fat and cholesterol, and as a blood purifier.For made simplicia and or powder beverages / herbs, lulur (cosmetics ), Pills (medicines), cooking spices, food coloring dyes / side dishes and textiles.

Natural dyes for textile materials are generally obtained from extracts of various parts of plants such as roots, wood, leaves, seeds or flowers. Batik craftsmen have been familiar with plants that can dye textile materials some of them are: tilapia tree (indofera), wood tegeran (Cudraina javanensis), turmeric (Curcuma), tea, roots mengkudu (Morinda citrifelia), skin soga jambal (Pelthophorum ferruginum), kesumba (Bixa orelana), guava leaf (Psidium guajava).

Textile materials dyed with natural dyes are materials derived from natural fibers such as silk, wool and cotton (cotton). Materials from synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon and others have no affinity or appeal to natural dyes so that these materials are difficult to stain with natural dyes. The material of silk in general has the best affinity for the natural dye compared to the material of the cotton.

The following will explain the process in dyeing the fabric using turmeric extract of turmeric:

- Preparing a plain white cloth measuring 30 cm x 30 cm which will be given a natural dye (turmeric rhizome extract).
- Cut turmeric and crush it with a blender to make turmeric rhizome extract.
- Giving a little water then made turmeric solution (filtered and taken water).
- Add turmeric extract into a plastic cup and prepare the plain white cloth.
- Then do the stirring of white cloth before the color evenly.
- After a few minutes and color evenly, lift the cloth, and rinse with clean water.
- Then do dyeing the fabric back into turmeric extract extract as much as 3x to get a significant color result.
- Then rinse with clean water and wind up the cloth until it is completely dry (in the shade so that the color is not striped).


Turmeric has a lot of good nutritional content for health such as vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B1, iron, phosphorus, calcium, fat, carbohydrates, protein and energy. All of these nutrients are very important and needed by other bodies.

But you know, if it turns out this turmeric is not only powerful to treat the disease, but also very effective to serve as an herb in helping to lose weight. As quoted from stylecraze.com explains that it turns out the nutrient content contained in turmeric not only can overcome various types of diseases, but also able to lose excess weight quickly. There are some explanations about how the ability of turmeric in losing weight, see one of the following explanation.

The content of curcumin contained in the turmeric was able to inhibit the process of division in adipose cells (fat cells) is done by reducing the amount of blood flowing into the cells. This is because there is a decrease in nutrient intake from the blood to the fat cells, so that there will be failure in increasing the production of fat cells in the body.

In addition, turmeric also proved to have the ability to reduce the amount of bile contained in the stomach. Bile liquid has the ability to digest and also can help the body in mengemulates fat content and metabolism. Conversely, if the amount of bile contained in the stomach a little, then the fat content in the body will be more wasted.

Another powerful way that can be done by turmeric to help lose weight that can be done by regulating blood sugar levels and also prevent the occurrence of resistance to insulin. This effort can have an impact in preventing the increase in the amount of fat, so there will be no accumulation of fat that can make you have excess body weight (obesity).

So that's why turmeric is very well consumed for someone who has a problem of excess weight (obesity), so they can be avoided from the risk of diabetes and also become an alternative solution in excess weight loss.

For how to consume, you can process turmeric to serve as an ingredient to make a warm drink by grinding it and then brewed with hot water. Strain the dregs and drink in a warm, for more delicious taste can be given additional honey according to your taste.

Since hundred years ago turmeric has been widely used by Asians as a spice ingredient used as a spice for cooking and also as a treatment of herbal (traditional). Turmeric has been widely used as a medicine from various diseases such as allergic diseases, ulcers, vomiting and other diseases. According to ccrc.farmasi.ugm.ac.id turmeric contains various substances content such as kurkuminoid dye is a diarylheptanoid 3-4% compound consisting of dihydrocurum, curcumin, desmetokskurkumin and bisdesmetokssikurkumin. In addition turmeric contains 2-5% essential oils, arabinose, fructose, glucose, starch, tannins, dammar, and also minerals.
Benefits of Turmeric for Beauty
In addition, according to merdeka.com turmeric contains many antiseptic ingredients that can do prevention on inflammation of acne and also wounds, mengobato itching and also rashes, can restore keruksakan caused by burning by exposure to sunlight and also can brighten the face so that turmeric can be utilized To take care of beauty.
According Style Craze and also Tips For Natural beauty there are some tips or efficacy of turmeric for beauty so you can try turmeric as an herbal ingredient to care for beauty. Here are his efficacy:
Benefits of Turmeric for Beauty Skin and Face
1.) Treating Acne
Turmeric can also be used to overcome acne. The easy way is to make a face mask made from turmeric. How to make it is by using a mixture of three tablespoons of juice and a tablespoon of turmeric powder, then mixed with a little honey and also yoghurt and stir until thick and into pasta. Use it for 15 minutes and not too long because in turmeric there is a dye that can be firmly attached and somewhat difficult to remove. After 15 minutes then face washed with clean water until clean.
2.) Overcoming oily skin
In addition to the efficacy of turmeric to treat acne ternyat turmeric can also dugunakan to control the production of excess oil and also sebum in the pores of the skin. How to make it can by making a skin mask made from a mixture of two tablespoons of turmeric powder mixed with three tablespoons lemon juice or you can also use a mature lemon. Use the mask on the face, and let stand for approximately 15 minutes and then clean the face by using warm water to clean.
3.) Disguising jan wrinkles also prevent premature aging
The process of aging and wrinkles can also be slowed by using the nutrients in turmeric. You can make a mask made from a mixture of two tablespoons of turmeric powder, a tablespoon of tomato juice, 1 tablespoonful of sus, and one feeding meal of rice flour. After the mask is made then the mask that had been made dugunakan for face and neck, then leave for 20 minutes and last clean face and neck with cold water.
4.) Overcoming Pigmentation
The anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects of turmeric can be used to overcome the pigmentation of the skin and can also cause cold to the burned skin due to exposure to sunlight. You can use it by making a mixture of turmeric powder and fresh cucumber juice, to treat this pigmentation problem. The mixture is used for 20-30 minutes and if done regularly then the skin color will return to its original state.
5.) Reduce Feathers
It turns out that the efficacy of other turmeric can be used to slow the growth of the hairs in the body so that the feathers do not grow quickly and run slowly, you can use a scrub made from a mixture of unyit powder with chickpea flour (ground nuts / garbanzo / gram). Then the scrub can be used in time twice for 1 month.
6.) Overcoming Dandruff and also Hair Loss
Turmeric also has properties can nourish the scalp so it can prevent the occurrence of hair loss on parts of the hair and also exfoliate the skin on the head. If you have an itchy scalp and also dandruff or experiencing hair loss can use turmeric grater then applied to the scalp.
7.) Smooth the skin of the heel and also the elbow
Turmeric can be used to soften the skin on the heel and also the elbow. You can make a mixture of turmeric powder with coconut oil, then the mixture is applied on the heel and also the elastic-skinned elbows, then you can add a light massage on the area that has been applied for turmeric and coconut minerk to be absorbed. Allow for less 10 minutes and rinse with clean water.
8.) Lifting Dead Skin Cells
Efficacy of turmeric for the next beauty yauty can be utilized kuntuk lift dead skin cells. This is because the content in turmeric can release dead skin cells gently without irritating the skin. You can use body scrubs made from turmeric powder and chickpea flour (arab / peanut / garbanzo / gram). Scrub that has been made this can make the skin becomes brighter and radiant.
9.) As Natural Hair Dye
You can use kuyit to get the color of hair with dark blonde. By using the hair turmeric color can make this natural dark blond color is due to turmeric that has a sharp yellow color. You can use a quarter cup of turmeric that has been shredded and then poured with warm water and then squeezed so you can produce a concentrated turmeric solution. Then the turmeric solution was put into a spray bottle, you can then spray it evenly on the hair part. After that knead slowly and let the hair dry. If it is dry then you can rinse it clean. Repeat this process every two days to get the dark blond color you want.
Benefits of Turmeric for Face and Skin Beauty
In addition to the efficacy of turmeric for the beauty of facial skin above, there are many other turmeric kahsiat, as used for the treatment, prevention of disease and many other useful properties of this turmeric plant. Of course, even if you use trasisional or herbal medicines you should keep healthy food and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Because it would be useless if a treatment is done on the disease or other disorders of the body but you still ignore a healthy lifestyle. Good greeting thank you for reading the article of efficacy of turmeric for beauty.
Arisandi. Yohana. 2002. Khasiat Tanaman Obat. Jakarta: Pustaka Buku Murah.
Johani, Erman. 2008. Tanaman Pakarangan. Bandung : Karya Kita
Kartasapoetra, G.1996. Budidaya Tanaman Berkhasiat Obat : Meningkatkan Apotik Hidup dan Pendapatan Para Keluarga Petani dan PKK. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta
Susanto, S. 1973. Seni Kerajinan Batik Indonesia. BPKB. Yogayakarta
Sumiati, A. 2004. Khasiat Kunyit. ( http:// http://www.annehira.com)
Steenis, Dkk. 2006. Flora untuk Sekolah di Indonesia. Jakarta : Pradnya Paramitha.
Tjitrosoepomo, Gembong. 2005. Morfologi Tumbuhan. Yogyakarta: UGM University Press