Turmeric is a plant terna, trunked pseudo, height can reach 40 - 100 cm. The shape of the stems pseudo, erect, round and wet, forming rhizomes with yellowish green color and composed of leaf midrib (somewhat soft). Single leaf, oval shape (lanceolate) extends up to 10-40 cm, width 8-12.5 cm and pinnate repeats with pale green color. Flowering compound is hairy and scaly from the shoots of pseudo stems, 10-15 cm long with a crown of about 3 cm and 1.5 cm wide, white / yellowish. The tip and the base of the pointed leaf, the edges of the leaves are flat. The outer skin of the rhizome is orange-brown, the flesh is orange red orange.
Turmeric is able to form rhizomes, orange, when old and young shoots are white, forming a tight clump. Rooted fibers are light brown. Each plant leaves 3 to 10 strands, the length of the leaves and its barks up to 70 cm long, leaf-shaped strands lanceolate long, green and only the upper part of the pelepahnya a bit purplish, 28-85 cm long, 10-25 cm wide. Flowers arise from the pseudo stems 10 - 15 cm long. The flowers are white / pale yellow, the base of the flowers are white.
Turmeric that has the latin name Curcuma domestica Val. Is a plant that is easily propagated by rhizome cuttings with the size of 20-25 grams of cuttings. Rhizome seedlings should be quite old. Turmeric grows well in well irrigated soils, rainfall 2,000 mm to 4,000 mm annually and in slightly sheltered areas. But to produce a larger rhizome requires a more open place. Turmeric rhizome yellow to orange yellow.
Turmeric plants grow branching with a height of 40-100 cm. Trunk is a pseudo stem, erect, round, rhizome form with a yellowish green color and composed of leaf midrib (somewhat soft). Single leaf, oval shape (lanceolate) extends up to 10-40 cm, width 8-12.5 cm and pinnate pitched inclines with pale green. Flowering compound, hairy, and scaly from pseudo stems, 10-15 cm long with a crown of about 3 cm and 1.5 cm wide, and berwrna white / yellowish. The tip and the base of the pointed leaves and the edges of the leaves are flat. The outer skin of the rhizome is brownish orange and the flesh is orange red yellow.
Plants belonging to the Zingiberaceae family are chronic herbaceous plants with rhizome roots. Stems erect. The leaves are often clear 2 lines with a stem that hugs the stem and tongue between the midrib and the leaf border. Zygomorph flowers, androgynous 2. Tubular petals with the tip of the stack are often split in a midrib. Leaves crown 3, at the base attached. Perfect stamens 1, the stamens are often wide, the sari 2. Staminodia is almost always 3. The drowning of the fruit sinks, the bears are 3 or 1. The stem is very slim, with the tip sandwiched between the two stamens. Head sari widened. Boxes are mostly blessed 3, sometimes not broken.
Rhizome (rhizome) is actually a stem and its leaves contained in the soil, branching and growing flat and from the tip can grow buds that appear on the ground and can be a new plant. Rhizome in addition to be used as a means of breeding is also a stockpile of food substances reserve. Roots reside in turmeric have characteristics that are round or jorong, diameter ± 5 cm, length about 2 cm to 6 cm, width of about 1 cm to 3 cm. The edges of the roots are wrinkled, the outer part is reddish brown .
Turmeric is a medicinal plant of shrubs and is an annual (perenial) scattered throughout the tropics. Turmeric plants thrive and wild around the forest / former garden. It is estimated to come from the Binar at an altitude of 1300-1600 m above sea level, others say that turmeric comes from India. The word Curcuma comes from the Arabic Kurkum and Greek Karkom. In 77-78 BC Dioscorides referred to this plant as Cyperus resembling ginger, but bitter, brown, and slightly spicy, but non-toxic. This plant is widely cultivated in South Asia especially in India, South China, Taiwan, Indonesia (Java), and Philippines.
How to Spread in Indonesia
Turmeric plant (Curcuma domestica Val.) Is a kind of plant belonging to Zingiberaceae family, where growth especially in Java. Including one of the herbs and medicinal plants, the original habitat of this plant covers the Asian region especially southeast asia. The plant is then spread to the Indo-Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and even Africa. Almost every Asian nation generally ever consume this spice plant. Good as a complement to cooking herbs, herbs or to maintain health and beauty.
Availability of turmeric plants in Indonesia can be considered very abundant. This plant can be found almost in all parts of Indonesia. Especially on the island of Java. And usually grows tropical and subtropical areas including Thailand, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asia region. In Indonesia, the center of cultivation of turmeric in Central Java, with production reached 12,323 kg / ha. To get turmeric is very easy because almost in all traditional markets and in supermarkets are found many sellers-seller of turmeric. Initially this plant is a plant that grows in forest areas and empty lands. However, Indonesia, this plant has generally been used as a family of medicinal plants with ginger, kencur, and others that are grown in the yard of the house.
Traditionally, rhizome cooking water mixed with gambir is used as mouth rinse for swollen gums. While the ointment of turmeric with kawak acid is used for the treatment of wounded feet. An ointment made from a mixture of turmeric with coconut oil is widely used to heal swollen feet and to release swelling fluids. While turmeric is crushed with clove and jasmine seeds used for liver inflammation drugs, and skin diseases. While the roots of knead-wringed turmeric can be used as a swelling remedy.
The most important part of turmeric as a medicinal ingredient is the root part of his stay, which has a distinctive odor and tastes a bit bitter. Medium content in the root of the stay is yellow substance kurkumin, essential oils, hydrate charcoal, dammar, gom and starch. With a dose of between 8 grams to 12 grams of these medicinal ingredients are good for diarrhea, karminativa, kolagoga, and skabisida. Turmeric can be used to treat diabetes mellitus, typhoid, appendicitis, dysentery, whitish pain, menstruation is not smooth, stomach heartburn during menstruation, accelerate breast milk, tonsils, mucus, morbili, and cangkrang.
Some chemicals from known turmeric rhizomes are essential oils of 6% consisting of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes (including zingiberen, alpha and beta-turmerone), yellow dye called curcuminoid by 5% (including curcumin 50-60% , Mono desmetoksi kurkumin and bidesmetoksikurkumin), protein, phosphorus, potassium, iron and vitamin C. Of the three compounds curcuminoid, curcumin is the largest component. Often the total amount of curcuminoid is calculated as% curcumin, because the curcumin content is greater than other curcuminoid components. For this reason several studies of phytochemicals and pharmacology are more emphasized on curcumin.
The main benefits of turmeric, namely: as a traditional medicine ingredients, herbal medicine and cosmetics raw materials, cooking ingredients, livestock etc. Besides that the turmeric rhizome is also useful as an anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidants, anti-microbial, cancer prevention, anti-tumor, and lowers blood fat and cholesterol, and as a blood purifier.For made simplicia and or powder beverages / herbs, lulur (cosmetics ), Pills (medicines), cooking spices, food coloring dyes / side dishes and textiles.
Natural dyes for textile materials are generally obtained from extracts of various parts of plants such as roots, wood, leaves, seeds or flowers. Batik craftsmen have been familiar with plants that can dye textile materials some of them are: tilapia tree (indofera), wood tegeran (Cudraina javanensis), turmeric (Curcuma), tea, roots mengkudu (Morinda citrifelia), skin soga jambal (Pelthophorum ferruginum), kesumba (Bixa orelana), guava leaf (Psidium guajava).
Textile materials dyed with natural dyes are materials derived from natural fibers such as silk, wool and cotton (cotton). Materials from synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon and others have no affinity or appeal to natural dyes so that these materials are difficult to stain with natural dyes. The material of silk in general has the best affinity for the natural dye compared to the material of the cotton.
The following will explain the process in dyeing the fabric using turmeric extract of turmeric:
- Preparing a plain white cloth measuring 30 cm x 30 cm which will be given a natural dye (turmeric rhizome extract).
- Cut turmeric and crush it with a blender to make turmeric rhizome extract.
- Giving a little water then made turmeric solution (filtered and taken water).
- Add turmeric extract into a plastic cup and prepare the plain white cloth.
- Then do the stirring of white cloth before the color evenly.
- After a few minutes and color evenly, lift the cloth, and rinse with clean water.
- Then do dyeing the fabric back into turmeric extract extract as much as 3x to get a significant color result.
- Then rinse with clean water and wind up the cloth until it is completely dry (in the shade so that the color is not striped).
TURMERIC FOR DIET
Turmeric has a lot of good nutritional content for health such as vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B1, iron, phosphorus, calcium, fat, carbohydrates, protein and energy. All of these nutrients are very important and needed by other bodies.
But you know, if it turns out this turmeric is not only powerful to treat the disease, but also very effective to serve as an herb in helping to lose weight. As quoted from stylecraze.com explains that it turns out the nutrient content contained in turmeric not only can overcome various types of diseases, but also able to lose excess weight quickly. There are some explanations about how the ability of turmeric in losing weight, see one of the following explanation.
The content of curcumin contained in the turmeric was able to inhibit the process of division in adipose cells (fat cells) is done by reducing the amount of blood flowing into the cells. This is because there is a decrease in nutrient intake from the blood to the fat cells, so that there will be failure in increasing the production of fat cells in the body.
In addition, turmeric also proved to have the ability to reduce the amount of bile contained in the stomach. Bile liquid has the ability to digest and also can help the body in mengemulates fat content and metabolism. Conversely, if the amount of bile contained in the stomach a little, then the fat content in the body will be more wasted.
Another powerful way that can be done by turmeric to help lose weight that can be done by regulating blood sugar levels and also prevent the occurrence of resistance to insulin. This effort can have an impact in preventing the increase in the amount of fat, so there will be no accumulation of fat that can make you have excess body weight (obesity).
So that's why turmeric is very well consumed for someone who has a problem of excess weight (obesity), so they can be avoided from the risk of diabetes and also become an alternative solution in excess weight loss.
For how to consume, you can process turmeric to serve as an ingredient to make a warm drink by grinding it and then brewed with hot water. Strain the dregs and drink in a warm, for more delicious taste can be given additional honey according to your taste.